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Yellow Pine

Pinus ponderosa

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Yellow Pine (Pinus ponderosa) at Parkland Garden Centre

Yellow Pine

Yellow Pine

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  80 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  3

Other Names:  Western Yellow Pine, Ponderosa Pine

Description:

A tall and imposing evergreen tree, variable in habit from tree to tree but often has an open, windswept appearance; large needles tend to yellow in winter; tolerant of adverse conditions, makes a great windbreak, needs full sun

Ornamental Features

Yellow Pine has dark green foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The shaggy brick red bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Yellow Pine is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a more or less rounded form. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Disease

Yellow Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

Yellow Pine will grow to be about 80 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 100 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Shade  Windbreak 
Applications
Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features
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