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Date Palm

Phoenix dactylifera

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Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) at Parkland Garden Centre

Date Palm

Date Palm

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) at Parkland Garden Centre

Date Palm fruit

Date Palm fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  60 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  8

Description:

This variety is widely utilized in tropical landscapes; cut suckers away to maintain single trunk tree; will slowly mature into a stately palm and make an excellent landscape focal point; ripe fruits may be harvested for eating, cooking, or preserves

Ornamental Features

Date Palm is primarily grown for its highly ornamental fruit. The fruits are showy yellow drupes which fade to dark brown over time, which are carried in abundance in mid fall. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up. It has attractive bluish-green foliage throughout the season. The narrow pinnately compound leaves are highly ornamental but do not develop any appreciable fall colour. It has panicles of yellow flowers hanging below the branches in mid summer. The rough gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Date Palm is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a towering form with a high canopy of foliage concentrated at the top of the plant. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Self-Seeding

Date Palm is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Vertical Accent
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

Date Palm will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 60 years or more. This is a dioecious species, meaning that individual plants are either male or female. Only the females will produce fruit, and a male variety of the same species is required nearby as a pollinator.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America.

This plant is not reliably hardy in our region, and certain restrictions may apply; contact the store for more information.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Articulation  Windbreak 
Applications
Flowers  Fruit  Foliage Color  Texture  Bark 
Ornamental Features
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